
Here
is a short multiple choice quiz on methodology
And here is a crossword 


Section A
Activity A:
Questions, self reports and questionnaires.


1 2
3 
Give an example of one of your questions.
Outline two of your findings.
A researcher wishes to conduct a questionnaire
asking people about their experiences of crime. Outline two
ethical issues that this study might raise and suggest how each of
these might be overcome. 
[2] [4]
[6] 

Section B
Activity B: An
observation.


4 5
6

Describe how your observation was conducted.
Outline two weaknesses in the way you
conducted your observation.
Suggest how each of these weaknesses
might be overcome. 
[4]
[4]
[6] 

Section C
Activity C:
Collection of data to investigate the difference between two
conditions.


7
8
9

Name and describe the sampling method that you
used to select your sample. Describe the
sample that you used for this investigation.
Describe one advantage and one
disadvantage of using this group of participants for your
investigation. 
[3]
[2]
[3] 

Section D
Activity D:
Collection of data involving two independent measures and analysis
using a test of correlation.


10 11 (a)
11 (b)
12

State the null hypothesis for your
correlation. Outline the conclusion that
you drew in relation to the null hypothesis.
Explain how you reached this conclusion
A researcher conducted a study to see if there
was a correlation between the average number of hours of television
watched daily and teacher ratings of aggressive play in children.
The scattergram below displays the results.
Outline two conclusions that can be
drawn from this scattergram. 
[3] [2]
[3]
[4] 

[Total paper marks
May 2005

50] 

Section A
Activity A:
Questions, self reports and questionnaires.


1.
2.
3. 
Outline the way your questions were presented to
the participants Describe one advantage
and one disadvantage of the way in which your questions were
presented to the participants
Outline one other way you could have presented
your questions and say what effect this might have on the responses. 
[2]
[6]
[4] 

Section B
Activity B: An
observation.


4. 5.
6 (a)
6 (b)

What was the aim of your observation?
Outline the categories (or coding scheme) that
you used for this investigation.
Outline one change that you could make to your
categories (or coding scheme).
What effect do you think this change will have
on the validity of your results? 
[2] [4]
[3]
[3] 

Section C
Activity C:
Collection of data to investigate the difference between two
conditions.


7 8
9 (a)
9 (b)

State the null hypothesis for your investigation.
Explain the conclusion that you reached in
relation to the null hypothesis.
Name and briefly describe the experimental
design used in your investigation.
Outline one strength and one weakness of this
design. 


Section D
Activity D:
Collection of data involving two independent measures and analysis
using a test of correlation.






[Total paper marks
January 2005

50] 

Section Activity A:
Questions, self reports and questionnaires.


1
2
3

Describe the procedure that you followed for this
activity. For your activity, suggest
two improvements that could be made.
Suggest one effect that each of
these improvement might have on the validity of your results. 
[4]
[4]
[6]


Section B
Activity B: An
observation.


4
5
6

Outline two findings from your
observation. Describe one ethical
issue you consider when planning your observational research.
Describe one strength and one
weakness of observational methods. 
[4]
[4]
[4]


Section C
Activity C:
Collection of data to investigate the difference between two
conditions.


7
8
9 
State the null hypothesis for your investigation.
Describe your independent and dependent variable.
(a) Sketch an appropriately labelled graph
or table or chart summarising your findings.
(b) Outline two conclusions that can be
drawn from this graph or table or chart. 
[3] [2]
[3]
[4]


Section D
Activity D:
Collection of data involving two independent measures and analysis
using a test of correlation.


10
11
12

Describe the sample that you used for your
activity. Name and describe the
technique you used to select your sample in this way.
Outline one strength and one
weakness of selecting your sample in this way. 
[3] [3]
[6] 

[Total paper marks
May 2004

50]





Section A
Based on Activity A:
Questions, self reports and questionnaires.


1
2
3 
(a) Give an example of one of your questions.
(b) Outline one of your findings
For your activity, suggest an alternative way
of finding out the same information.
Outline the effect that this alternative might
have on the validity of your results

[2] [2]
[4]
[4] 

Section B
Based on Activity B: An
observation.


4
5
6

State the aim of your observation
Describe the categories that you used for your
observation
(a) What is meant by reliability?
(b) Explain one way you could make your
observation more reliable. 
[2] [4]
[2]
[4] 

Section C
Based on Activity C:
Collection of data to investigate the difference between two
conditions.


7
8
9

Describe the procedure that you used for your
investigation. Suggest two improvements
that could be made to your procedure.
Explain the likely effects of each of these
improvements on the results of your activity. 
[4]
[4]
[6]


Section D
Based on Activity D:
Collection of data involving two independent measures and analysis
using a test of correlation.


10
11
12

State the null hypothesis for your correlation.
Explain how one of your variables was measured.
(a) Sketch your data in an appropriately
labelled scattergram.
(b) Outline one conclusion that can be drawn
from this scattergram. 
[3] [3]
[3]
[3]


January 2004






Section A
Based on Activity A:
Questions, self reports and questionnaires.


1
2
3 
Describe the sample that you used for this
activity.
How did you select this sample?
Explain one strength and one
weakness with the way you selected this sample.
[Total marks 
[3]
[3]
[6]
12] 

Section B
Based on Activity B: An
observation.


4
5
6

Outline the procedure that you followed for your
observation.
Suggest two improvements that could be
made to your procedure.
Explain how you think each of these
improvements would affect the results of your observation.
[Total marks 
[4]
[4]
[6]
14]


Section C
Based on Activity C:
Collection of data to investigate the difference between two
conditions.


7
8
9

State the null hypothesis for your
activity.
Sketch a summary of your results in an
appropriate visual display.
(a) Outline the conclusions that you reached
in relation to your null hypothesis.
(b) Explain how you reached this conclusion.
[Total marks 
[3]
[3]
[3]
[3]
12]


Section D
Based on Activity D:
Collection of data involving two independent measures and analysis
using a test of correlation.


10
11
12

Identify your two independent measures.
Describe how each of these independent
measures were measured.
(a) Suggest an alternative way of measuring one
of your independent measures.
(b) What effect do you think this might have
had on the validity of your results?
[Total marks
[Total paper marks:
May 2003 
[2]
[4]
[3]
[3]
12]
50] 




Section A
Based on Activity A:
Questions, self reports and questionnaires. 

1
2
3

Explain the aim of your activity.
Outline two conclusions that can be
drawn from your results.
(a) Suggest an alternative way of finding out
the same information.
(b) Suggest how this alternative might affect
the validity of your results.
[Total marks: 
[2]
[4]
[3]
[3]
12]


Section B
Based on Activity B: An
observation. 

4
5
6

Describe the categories or coding scheme that
you used for your observation.
Suggest one improvement that could be
made to your categories or coding scheme.
Explain how you think this improvement would
affect the results of your observation.
[Total marks: 
[4]
[4]
[4]
12]


Section C
Based on Activity C:
Collection of data to investigate the difference between two
conditions. 

7
8
9 
Describe the sample that you used for this
activity.
How did you select this sample?
Explain one strength and one weakness
with the way you selected this sample.
[Total marks: 
[3]
[3]
[6]
12] 

Section D
Based on Activity D:
Collection of data involving two independent measures and analysis
using a test of correlation. 

10
11
12

(a) State the null hypothesis for your
activity.
(b) Explain how one of your variables
was measured.
Sketch an appropriate visual display of your
results.
(a) Outline the conclusion that you reached in
relation to your hypothesis.
(b) Explain how you reached this conclusion.
[Total marks:
[Total paper marks:
Specimen 2003

[3]
[2]
[3]
[3]
[3]
14]
50]


Section A
Based on Activity A:
Questions, self reports and questionnaires. 

1
2
3
4 
Give an example of one of your
questions.
(a) How did you select the participants for
your study?
(b) Describe one problem with this
method of selection.
(a) Identify one possible weakness in
the way your questionnaire was designed.
(b) Outline what you did (or could have done)
to overcome this weakness.
Outline one reason why it would be
considered unethical to use questionnaires to investigate the involvement
of young people in illegal activities.
[Total: 
[2]
[2]
[2]
[1]
[2]
[3]
12]


Section B
Based on Activity B: An
observation. 

5
6
7
8 
(a) What was the aim of your observation?
(b) Describe the procedure that you followed.
Outline one conclusion that can be
drawn from your results.
(a) Outline one change that could be
made to your coding scheme.
(b) Suggest what effect this change might have
on your investigation.
Outline one advantage of observational
methods
[Total: 
[2]
[2]
[2]
[2]
[2]
[2]
12]


Section C
Based on Activity C:
Collection of data to investigate the difference between two
conditions. 

9
10
11
12 
Identify your independent variable and your
dependent variable.
(a) Name the experimental design you used for
this activity.
(b) Outline one advantage of of this
type of experimental design.
(a) Name the statistical test that was used to
analyse your data.
(b) Write down your statement of significance
(c) Explain what this means in relation to
your investigation.
Outline one disadvantage of experimental
methods.
[Total

[2]
[2]
[2]
[1]
[2]
[3]
[2]
14]


Section D
Based on Activity D:
Collection of data involving two independent measures and analysis
using a test of correlation.


13
14
15
16 
State the research
hypothesis for this activity.
Explain how one of your variables was
measured.
Explain what is meant by a positive
correlation.
(a) Using an appropriately labelled scattergram,
sketch the data that you collected.
(b) Outline one conclusion that can be drawn
from this scattergram.
[Total
[Total paper marks : 
[3]
[2]
[2]
[3]
[2]
12]
50] 

January 2003



Section A
Based on Activity A:
Questions, self reports and questionnaires.


1 
Outline
the aim of your questionnaire/self report.

[2] 
2 
Outline one
of your findings.

[2] 
3 
(a) How
did you select your sample?
(b) Suggest one problem with this method of selection.

[2]
[2] 
4 
Outline two
improvements that could be made to your investigation. 
[4] 

Section B
Based on Activity B: An
observation.


5 
Outline
the aim of your observation. 
[2]

6 
Outline one
conclusion that can be drawn from your results

[2] 
7 
(a) what
is meant by the term 'reliability'?
(b) Suggest how the reliability of your
observation could be improved.

[2]
[2] 
8 
A
researcher wishes to observe the behaviour of male and female
hospital staff towards patients. Outline two categories
of behaviour that could be used for such an observation.

[4] 

Section C
Based on Activity C:
Collection of data to investigate the difference between two
conditions.


9 
State the
research hypothesis for your investigation.

[3] 
10 
(a)
Describe how the dependent variable was measured.
(b) Suggest an alternative way of measuring
the variable (or explain why there is no alternative).

[3]
[3] 
11 
Sketch one
appropriate way of presenting the data in a visual form.

[3] 
12 
Outline one
conclusion that can be drawn from this data. 
[2] 

Section D
Based on Activity D:
Collection of data involving two independent measures and analysis
using a test of correlation.


13 
Identify
the two independent measures in your investigation.

[2] 
14 
State the
statistical test to calculate correlation coefficient.

[2] 
15 
In
relation to the null hypothesis, state the conclusion that can be
drawn from your test of correlation.

[3] 
16 
(a)
Identify one weakness in the way that you conducted your
investigation.
(b) Outline one way in which this
weakness might be overcome.
May 2002

[2]
[3]


Section A
Based on Activity A:
Questions, self reports and questionnaires.


1 
(a) Give
an example of one of your questions/self reports.
(b) Outline one of your findings. 
[2]
[2]

2 
Questionnaires
often rely on 'opportunity sampling'. Explain what is meant by
this term.

[2] 
3 
Identify one
possible weakness in the way your questionnaire was designed or
conducted and outline what you did (or could have done) to overcome
it.

[3] 
4 
Suggest two
problems that might be encountered if a researcher used self report
measures in a study of underage drinking.

[3] 

Section B
Based on Activity B: An
observation.


5 
(a)
Outline the aim of your observation
(b) Describe the coding scheme (or categories)
that you used for your observation.

[2]
[3]

6 
Outline one
conclusion that can be drawn from your results.

[2] 
7 
A
researcher wishes to observe the behaviour of children in
hospital. Describe one ethical problem the researcher
might face and suggest how this might be overcome.

[3] 
8 
Outline one
advantage of observational methods

[2] 

Section C
Based on Activity C:
Collection of data to investigate the difference between two
conditions.


9 
State the
null hypothesis for your investigation. 
[3]

10 
Describe
how the dependent variable was measured.

[3] 
11 
Explain
the conclusion that you reached in relation to the null hypothesis.

[2] 
12 
(a) What
is meant by an 'independent' (or 'unrelated') measures design?
(b) Evaluate the use of an independent
measures design in an investigation into the effects of music on
people's ability to do crosswords.

[2]
[3] 

Section D
Based on Activity D:
Collection of data involving two independent measures and analysis
using a test of correlation.


13 
Identify
the two independent variables in your investigation. 
[2]

14 
Using an
appropriately labelled scattergram, sketch the data that you
collected.

[3] 
15 
Outline one
conclusion which will be drawn from this scattergram.

[2] 
16 
(a)
Explain what is meant by a positive correlation.
(b) If a researcher found a positive
correlation between the amount of violent television watched and
aggressive behaviour could it be concluded that watching violent television
causes aggressive behaviour? Explain your answer.
June 2001

[2]
[3] 




Section A
Based on Activity A:
Questions, self reports and questionnaires.


1 
Outline
the aim of your activity. 
[2]

2 
Describe
the rating scale that you used 
[2]

3 
Describe
an alternative way of rating or scoring the variable you assessed.

[3] 
4 
(a) How
did you select the participants for your study?
(b) Describe one problem with this
method of selection.

[2]
[3]


Section B
Based on Activity B: An
observation.


5 
(a) Describe
the coding system (or categories) that you used for your
observation.
(b) Outline the procedure that you followed
when carrying out your observation.

[3]
[2]

6 
Outline
one conclusion that can be drawn from your results.

[2] 
7 
Identify one
ethical issue that should be considered by researchers carrying out
observational research and suggest how this might be dealt with.

[3] 
8 
Outline one
methodological problem that you might have if you carried out
observational research in an unfamiliar cultural setting.

[3] 

Section C
Based on Activity C:
Collection of data to investigate the difference between two
conditions.


9 
(a) State
the experimental hypothesis for your investigation.
(b) What were the two conditions of the
investigation?

[3]
[2]

10 
Display,
in an appropriately labelled table, the measures of central tendency
and dispersion that you calculated from your data.

[3] 
11 
Outline
one conclusion that can be drawn from this table.

[2]

12 
(a) What
is meant by the term 'repeated (or 'related') measures design'?
(b) Give one advantage of this design.

[2]
[2]


Section D
Based on Activity D:
Collection of data involving two independent measures and analysis
using a test of correlation.


13 
Identify
the two independent variables in your investigation.

[2] 
14 
Describe
how you measured one of these variables.

[2] 
15 
Explain,
in relation to the null hypothesis, the conclusion that you reached.

[3] 
16 
(a) What
is meant by a positive correlation?
(b) If a researcher found a positive correlation
between the number of cups of coffee drunk and the level of stress
reported by a group of participants, could it be concluded that
drinking coffee makes people stressed? Explain your answer.
January 2001

[2]
[3] 