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Milgram (Obedience)

Past exam short questions

 

1

In the Milgram study on obedience, the subjects were observed to show a lot of tension.

 

 

 

 

(a)

Give one example of the behaviour of the subjects that indicated extreme tension.

[2]

 

 

 

(b)

Milgram suggested that the tension was caused by the conflicts produced by the study.  Outline one of these conflicts.

[2]

 

 

1996  


 

 

 

 

2

(a)

 

In the study by Milgram on obedience, how were the subjects recruited?

 

  [2]

 

 

 

(b)

Outline one advantage of recruiting subjects in this way

[2]

 

 

1998  


 

 

 

 

3

Milgramís study on obedience is often criticised for being unethical, though Milgram himself made a robust defence of it.  Give two examples of how the ethics of this study can be defended.

 

 [4]

 

1999  


 

 

 

 

4

The level of obedience in the Milgram study was a surprise to the researchers.  Give four factors that were thought to contribute to this high level of obedience.    

 

 [4]

 

2000  


 

 

 

 

5

One criticism of the Milgram study on obedience is that it is not true to life  (i.e. that it lacks ecological validity.).

 

 

 

 

 

(a)

Suggest one way in which the ecological validity of the Milgram study could be improved.

  [2]

 

 

 

(b)

Give one example of the way in which people obey authority in real life.

  [2]

 

January 2001  


 

 

 

 

6

Psychologists sometimes make the distinction between situational and individual explanations of behaviour.  Consider the Milgram study and

 

 

 

 

 

(a)

Give a situational explanation for the behaviours of the teachers.

[2]

 

 

 

(b)

Give an individual explanation for the behaviour of the teachers

[2]

 

 

Sample 2000  


 

 

 

 

7

(a)

 

Outline one reason why Milgramís study has been so controversial.

 

[2]

 

 

 

(b)

Outline one justification why Milgram carried out his study

[2]

 

 

June 2001  


 

 

 

 

8

In this study of obedience, Milgram encouraged the participants to continue with the electric shocks.

 

 

 

 

(a)

Outline one way in which Milgram encouraged his participants to continue

 [2]

 

 

 

(b)

Describe one way in which the findings of the Milgram study can be applied to social control in every day life

 [2]

 

 

January 2002  


 

  9

 

 

  (a)

   
From Milgram's study into obedience give one example of how he debriefed his participants.

   
[2]

 

 

 

 (b)

Why is debriefing participants important?

 [2]

 

   
January 2003


 

 10

From the Milgram study on obedience, give one way in which the participants were deceived

 [2]

 

  May 2003


 

 11

From Milgram's study on obedience, give four features of the study which explain the high level of obedience.

 [4]

 

January 2004


 

12

Outline two features of the Milgram study on obedience which made it seem real to the participants

[4]
 

May 2004


 
     
14 From the study by Milgram on obedience:

(a) Outline one way in which the study had low ecological validity.

(b) Outline one way in which the study had high ecological validity.

 

[2]


[2]

 

May 2005


 
     
15 Outline how obedience was measured in the study by Milgram. [2]
 

January 2006


 
     
     
16 Suggest two factors which might explain the high levels of obedience found in Milgram's study of obedience.
[2]
 

May 2006


 
     
     
     
17 From the study by Milgram on obedience outline one piece of evidence which showed the participants were convinced of the reality of the situation.

[2]
 

January 2007